Words||Pictures||Extension of self
Sydney, Australia.
…Two main types of racism are recognised: ‘old racism’ and ‘new racism’. The first of these, highlighting inferiority, prevailed from the time of Federation in 1901 until the early 1970s and the end of the White Australia policy. Then this ‘old racism’ was largely supplanted by a ‘new racism’ or cultural racism’ based on the ‘insurmountability of cultural differences’. Thus ethnic minorities are no longer viewed as inferior; rather they are differentiated as threats to ‘social cohesion’ and ‘national unity’, that is, to the cultural values and integrity of the dominant (Anglo-Celtic) ‘host’ society. The ‘new racism’ operates more through stereotypes of cultural traits of groups, or surrounding notions of ‘self’ and ‘other’ and the national space. The latter are reproduced in the media and in political debates. Arguably, overt racism has been replaced by new constructions of covert racism, manifest as cultural intolerance. Hall (2000, 222-224) has argued that these two logics of racism are nonetheless strongly inter-dependent, and that they combine in effective ways, citing examples of Rwanda, the Balkans and Islamaphobia.

- Dunn, K; Forrest, J; Burnley, I; McDonald, A. (2004) ‘Constructing Racism in Australia’ in Australian Journal of Social Issues 39,4

Tumblr is a great source for learning about race relations, but it is so US-centric. I’m scouring my resources for material that is better suited to the Australian environment regarding studies of race and ethnicity, culture, and history. As for the above quote, I would probably argue that the ‘old racism’ in Australia was prevalent way before the states came together in 1901, but manifesting itself largely towards the Indigenous population.

black-australia:


Street Artist Adnate via BLACK Fulla’s GOT Talent
(saw this on fb and thought you might like it, beautiful eh?)

Wow! This is stunning! 

black-australia:

Street Artist Adnate via BLACK Fulla’s GOT Talent

(saw this on fb and thought you might like it, beautiful eh?)

Wow! This is stunning! 

Ratchet is a racialized term. So is ghetto. So is thug. So is welfare queen. Someone does not have to EXPLICITLY say the word “black” in order for something to be racist against black people. Speaking in flagrantly racist terms is one of the least sophisticated manifestations of racism today.

TemperedFury on Philip DeFranco’s, creator of the YouTube channel Philly D, use of racialized language.  (via knowledgeequalsblackpower)

(Source: america-wakiewakie, via reverseracism)

lifeisliterallylimited:

So our threat to national security was upgraded to high for absolutely no reason. No threat. No arrests. No evidence. Nothing. Just some more anti-Muslim scare tactics.

lifeisliterallylimited:

So our threat to national security was upgraded to high for absolutely no reason. No threat. No arrests. No evidence. Nothing. Just some more anti-Muslim scare tactics.

Insularity, the insistence on being an island girt by sea, is the logic that underwrites Australian assertions of nationhood. The ocean, the beach and the coastline are the sites where this insularity is most clearly exposed as well as most violently defended—the places where the anxious configuration I call terra australis infirma is most visible. These surrounding waters, always heavily mythologised as that which defines and delimits national identity, and as the source of both its deepest pleasures and threats, have been increasingly territorialised since 2001: highly monitored, patrolled and explicitly demarcated as a racialised national preserve. As such, they have become scenes of fearful events and spectacles: of boats mysteriously aflame in mid-ocean, of mass deaths and disappearances, of extreme assertions of territorial force and covert ‘disruption programmes’ leading to speculations about the state’s exercise of the ‘license to kill’.

Suvendrini Perera, ‘Oceanic corpo-graphies, refugee bodies and the making and unmaking of waters’ in Feminist Review, (2013) 103, 58-79.

The real terrors of Australia operate deep within its borders, behind closed doors…from afar they control the shorelines with their rhetoric as much as with their ships.

adhemarpo:

He Jiaying, peintre chinois contemporain

(via taekwonjew)